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The Global News Networks and US Policy Making in Defence & Foreign Affairs by E. Gilboa
This study investigates the effects of global television news on the formulation and implementation of foreign policy. While it found no evidence to support the "CNN
effect," a theory that claims global television now determines policy, it does present evidence and analysis of other significant effects on various phases and dimensions
of policymaking. This study also suggests that global news coverage has created political, professional, and ethical dilemmas for the three major groups of participants in policymaking: politicians, officials, and journalists. Furthermore, it asserts that these groups haven't yet sufficiently adjusted to the new television saturated environment of policymaking.